The Biosphere Reserve - Facts and Figures
Federal state: Mecklenburg-Vorpommern
Districts: Ludwigslust-Parchim, Northwest Mecklenburg
Area size: 31,000 ha (310 km²)
Expansion: North / South: ca. 32 km; East / West: ca. 12 km
Inhabitants: More than 10,000 people live in the 22 communities of the Biosphere Reserve.
Use of land
|arable land||4,900 ha||48 %|
|forest||6,100 ha||20 %|
|grassland||5,900 ha||19 %|
|inland waters||2,000 ha||6 %|
|settlement and traffic||1,000 ha||3 %|
|woods, swamp, reed||1,000 ha||3 %|
|other||100 ha||1 %|
- The largest lake in the Biosphere Reserve is the Schaalsee with 24km²
- Followed by the Röggeliner See with a size of 1.7km²
- The third largest lake is the Mechower See with 1.6km²
- There are nine other lakes and many small bodies of water in the Biosphere Reserve.
- There are five rivers: Boize, Schilde, Schaale, Hammerbach, Kneeser Bek
- The highest point with 93m above sea level is the Hellberg.
Animal and plant species
- Mammals: 46 species including 11 bat species
- Amphibians: 11 species
- Dragonflies: 55 species
- Birds: 263 (breeding birds as well as resting and winter guests)
- Fish and cyclostomata : 33 species
- Fern and flowering plants: 869 species
- Mushrooms: over 1,000 species
Core zone: 1,749 ha, 5.6%
Long-term development of nature without anthropogenic influence, so that wilderness can rise again.
Maintenance zone: 9,257 ha, 29.9%
Valuable ecosystems in the cultural landscape are preserved through considered land use. Sections of the cultural landscape that are particularly worth protecting.
Development zone: 19,994 ha, 64.5%
Living, economic and recreational space.
The focus here is on balanced, environmentally friendly regional development.